Portrait photography is about capturing the essence, personality, identity and attitude of a person using backgrounds, lighting and poses. The aim is to capture a photo that looks natural and is set up to allow the subject's personality to come through. Photography can inspire you to travel, enjoy life and celebrate moments. It can help you become more aware of the little things in life.
With portraiture, the idea is to use likeness to communicate something about the people portrayed, their personality, their essence. That's why there needs to be a relationship between the photographer and the subject, rather than between the subject and the machine. Even if the photographer has a recognisable style and intends to use it, the portrait is still about the subject, and the photographer has to communicate that to the subject. There are many different techniques for portrait photography.
Often, it is desirable to capture the subject's eyes and face in sharp focus and let other less important elements be rendered in soft focus. At other times, portraits of individual features may be the focus of a composition, such as the subject's hands, eyes or part of the torso. If you're new to portrait photography, all of this can be quite daunting. That's why I've broken it down, piece by piece, into the 10 crucial elements to think about when shooting portraits.
The lighting pattern refers to the way the light hits the subject's face. Keep in mind that your lighting pattern will determine the mood of the final portrait and whether the subject is flattered or not. It is therefore a critical piece of the portrait photography puzzle that you must get right to achieve stunning results. Along with the proportion of light, the quality of light will have a major effect on the mood and feel of your portrait.
Choose soft light for beautiful, flattering portraits, and choose hard light for a more aggressive, dramatic look. The lens will change the look of the subject and the background. A wide-angle lens will introduce distortion and make the subject's face look abnormal and stretched. It will also give you a wide, panoramic view of the background.
The wide-angle (17 mm) adds to the comical character of this portrait. Secondly, it simplifies the background, both showing less and blurring the background elements. This, in turn, puts more emphasis on the subject, which is what you want. The image below was taken at 70mm.
Compare it to the portrait at the beginning of this section, which portrays the same subject in the same setting but at 17mm. See how the face is less distorted and the background is out of focus and more compressed? The long lens has compressed the background, and because it is so far away (on the other side of a river), the grass is actually out of focus and provides a soft background that makes the subject stand out. One thing many photographers don't think about is the background. It's so easy to focus on everything else that you forget to look at the background, which ruins an otherwise great image.
Look at the background in the viewfinder and adjust your camera position and composition accordingly. After all, the eye is drawn to the brightest, sharpest area of an image, so if you can keep the background dark, blurry and low in contrast, your subject will be the star of the show. See how the bright, high-contrast areas of the background draw your attention away from the wedding couple? Imagine if a person asked you to define who they are in a photo, and ultimately capture their personality to preserve it forever. You probably wouldn't just take a quick photo of that person, would you? You'd have to think about how the person's background and position would help bring out their key characteristics and traits.
Well, welcome to the world of portraiture. Portrait photography is much more than a snapshot of someone's face; it's about capturing the essence of a person's identity and attitude, which means that a portrait photographer has a really important job to do. Learning how to work with clients and how to use the camera to find the perfect exposure involves hard work and the use of some simple tips. In this lesson, we'll go over an in-depth definition of portrait photography and explore some tips and techniques that will help you master portrait photography.
Because portraiture is so intimately tied to individual images (going back to its roots in painting), the idea of a "stock" portrait can be a little intimidating. Lenses with wider angles (shorter focal lengths) require the portrait to be taken from closer up (for an equivalent field size), and the resulting perspective distortion produces a relatively larger nose and smaller ears, which is considered unflattering and unattractive. Portrait photography is not easy and, indeed, there are many elements that go into a great portrait. Some of the best portraits are those where the subjects are completely comfortable, as if they are not looking at the camera.
This provides softer lighting for portrait work and is often considered more attractive than the harsh light often cast by open flashes. The relatively low cost of the daguerreotype in the mid-nineteenth century and the reduced sitting time for the subject, although still much longer than now, led to a general increase in the popularity of portrait photography over painted portraiture. Some traditional senior portrait sessions include a cap and gown and other changes of clothing, portrait styles and poses. The best time to take a portrait in window light is considered to be early in the day and late in the evening, when the light is at its brightest in the window.
Portraits are becoming a dying art form nowadays because (at least in my opinion) it is too easy to overlook them for a selfie or a mobile photo with your friends. Depending on the circumstances, you may not know much about your subjects before the portrait session begins. In agreement with the client, the photographer should select a specific approach based on the type of portrait to be taken. Photographers, like painters, use light to bring portraits to life and give them shape and volume by adding light and shadow.